Hibernate : @OneToOne gives null value

I’m trying to map a OneToOne relationship as an entity identifier : in my schema a person can have 0 or 1 user account, thus user_accounts table’s id is a foreign key referencing person’s id.

Here’s a sample of my class diagram :

I have used joined inheritance strategy.

Schema :

  • persons (id, …, PK(id))
  • customers (id, …, PK(id), FK(id) RF persons(id))
  • user_accounts(id, …, PK(ID), FK(id) RF persons(id))

Here’s a sample of UserAccount class :

    @Table(name = "user_accounts")
    public class UserAccount extends core.business.model.mapping.Entity implements Serializable {

        @OneToOne(targetEntity = Person.class, cascade = CascadeType.ALL)
        @JoinColumn(name = "id", referencedColumnName = "id", nullable = false)
        private RegisteredUser user;

        @Column(name = "email_address")
        private String emailAddress;

        private String hash;

        @OneToOne(mappedBy = "userAccount",
                  cascade  = CascadeType.ALL,
                  fetch    = FetchType.LAZY)
        private Token token;

        public boolean equals(Object o) {
            if (this == o) return true;
            if (o == null || getClass() != o.getClass()) return false;

            UserAccount that = (UserAccount) o;

            return user.equals(that.user);

        public int hashCode() {
            return user.hashCode();

        UserAccount() {

After a userAccount is returned from DAO, its user is null, which cannot be possible according to my model’s constraints.

Here’s the sql query generated by hibernate :

select useraccoun0_.id as id4_25_, useraccoun0_.updated_at as updated_1_25_, useraccoun0_.email_address as email_ad2_25_, useraccoun0_.hash as hash3_25_, useraccoun0_1_.token_id as token_id0_24_ from user_accounts useraccoun0_ left outer join tokens__user_accounts useraccoun0_1_ on useraccoun0_.id=useraccoun0_1_.user_account_id where useraccoun0_.email_address=’xxx@xxx.com’ and useraccoun0_.hash=’e13d212084f7d594e4c540474c0981d99dfe581a’

There is no join on persons table while it is expected to fetch it.

If I move RegistredUser into an @Embeddable class and embed it as an @EmbeddedId, the relationship is properly fetched, but it’s quite “ugly” to proceed like so and Hibernate specs say at the end of section :

Finally, you can ask Hibernate to copy the identifier from another associated entity. In the Hibernate jargon, it is known as a foreign generator but the JPA mapping reads better and is encouraged